Cookies and Privacy Policy


The Historical Photographs of China website uses cookies. A cookie is a piece of information in the form of a very small text file that is stored on the device you access the website on. The information the cookie contains is set by the server (this website) and it can be used by that server whenever you visit this website.

Details about the cookies we use are provided in the table below.

Cookie type Cookie name Purpose
Web application search sessionid The server stores information in a 'session' to track your search requests. This allows you to navigate through the photographs and return to your original search. Blocking these cookies will affect your ability to return to your original search.
Google analytics _ga, _gat We use Google Analytics cookies to hold information about your visit to our site. This helps us better identify the use and popularity of the Historical Photographs of China website and how successfully the website is functioning. We have configured Google Analytics to anonymize IP addresses. An IP address is a string of unique numbers that identifies your computer on the Internet. Blocking these cookies will not affect your ability to use the website. See for further details.
Google captcha __Secure*, SAPISID, APISID, HSID, SSID We use Google’s reCAPTCHA on the comment form to reduce the amount of automated spam received by the site. By blocking these cookies, you won’t be able to send messages through the comment forms.

Privacy and Data protection

The Historical Photographs of China website is hosted by the University of Bristol. For the University’s policies regarding privacy and data protection, see

Comments data

The name, email address and comment submitted via the comment form are stored in a database. These details are only retained to allow the Historical Photographs of China team to respond to any comments. The data will not be retained for longer than a year. Email if you wish to have a comment deleted earlier.

Data may, on occasion, be passed to the administrators of other computer systems to enable investigation of abuse or security issues. Otherwise the logged information is not passed to any third-party except if required by law.

Access logs

We automatically receive and save certain types of information whenever you interact with this website. We use the information to monitor website traffic and to assist with the navigation and user experience of the website.

Information that we will automatically receive includes:

  • Requested URL (Uniform Resource Locator)
  • IP (Internet Protocol) address (this may or may not identify a specific computer)
  • Domain name from which you access the internet
  • Referring URL
  • Software (browser/operating system) used to access the page
  • Date and time pages were visited