Commissioners viewing the ruins of mission houses at Huashan (华山), near Kucheng (Gutian)
© 2008 SOAS
University of Bristol - Historical Photographs of China reference number: Os04-090. Photo from an album (UoB reference Os04) kept in the School of Oriental and African Studies Archives, London (SOAS reference MS 380 876/4). No caption in the album for this photo, but reversed out of the negative is the typed caption: ‘HWASHAN / Scene of massacre, taken Sept. 17, 1895’. Eleven missionaries and Chinese Christians were killed on 1 August 1895 at these mission hill houses in Huashan (华山), near Kucheng (Gutian), Fujian Province, by 'Vegetarian' rebels, who were part of a religious movement called zhaijiao (‘fasting school’), so called because they took vows of vegetarianism. ‘Kucheng massacre’. This image was reproduced in an article entitled ‘The Martyrs of Ku-Cheng’ by Henry Mostyn, published in ‘The Wide World Magazine’, August-September 1899, page 80, and captioned: ‘Viewing the scene of the massacre’. See Os04-088 and Os04-089.
Black and white photograph
Archives & Special Collections, SOAS Library, University of London