Chinese soldiers with Hanyang 88 shotguns at a guard post near Hungjao, Shanghai, 1937

Chinese soldiers with Hanyang 88 shotguns at a guard post near Hungjao, Shanghai, 1937

Notes

University of Bristol - Historical Photographs of China reference number: JM04-178. Photograph numbered 178, published in 'The Sino-Japanese Hostilities 1937 / Shanghai'. Caption in Index: 'Chinese Posts manned.' The shotguns are Hanyang 88, a Chinese version of a turn-of-the-century German weapon, the Gewehr 88. It was adopted in China in the late Qing period and manufactured uninterruptedly in several Chinese arsenals until 1944. This photograph is particularly interesting because the Hanyang 88 here are of the initial version, produced until 1904, and identifiable by the cylindrical thermal shield or sleeve that protects the barrel (which makes the barrel appear a lot thicker than it actually is). This was copied directly from the German weapon and not from the more common ‘modernised’ version that was produced after 1904, which can be seen in Ro-n0791.

Caption in album or on mount

178

Location

Shanghai

Estimated Date

August-October 1937

Material

Paper

Media

Black and white photograph

Repository

University of Bristol Library, Special Collections